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Alexeï Harlamoff

Nature morte with roses

Ref. SL421

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Year 1920

Category Painting

Technic Oil on canvas

Height x Width (cm) 78 x 62

Signature Signed lower right

Catalogue HARLAMOFF Alexeï, catalogue raisonné : Olga SUGROBOVA-ROTH, Eckart LINGENAUBER, 2007 / n° 286, p. 272 (Pl. coul. 248, p. 273).

Geographical zone Europa

This work was painted in the 1920s. read more >>

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Alexei Alexeivitch Harlamoff (or Alexej Harlamoff, Alexej Charlamoff) (1840-1925) was a Russian painter.

His paintings are signed ‘Harlamoff’, which must be a French transcription adopted during his studies in Paris (the English transcription of the Russian is Kharlamov). He was born to a family of serfs on October 18, 1840, in the village of Dyachevka near Saratov on the Volga River. In 1850, his parents were emancipated. In 1854, he audited classes at the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Petersburg. Three years later, he earned a second class silver medal for a drawing. In 1862, he earned another medal in the same category for a sketch, and was hired by the history painter Alexei T. Markov.

Harlamoff earns a first class medal for a drawing and another first class medal for a sketch.

1865: He presents his large-scale painting depicting Ananias before the Apostles, which only earns him a second class gold medal.

1866: He earns a second class gold medal for his painting of the Baptism of the Inhabitants of Kiev.

1868: He completes his studies, winning a first class gold medal for his Return of the Prodigal Son, and is granted the opportunity to study abroad.

1869: The Imperial Academy of Arts awards him a grant to travel to Paris via Germany.

1870: The Tsarina Maria Alexandrovna buys one of his paintings. In April, he sends his first letter to Saint Petersburg. In September-October, he stays in Normandy and the Southern Netherlands with A. Bogoliubov, C. Huhn, and A. Lavezzari. He travels to Brussels and London, where he visits an exhibition of Old Masters. In November, the Academy of Arts commissions from him a copy of Rembrandt’s ‘The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp’ which requires him to stay in The Hague.

1871: From spring 1871 to autumn 1872, he copies the same work in a drawing and in an oil painting. In the summer of 1871 he returns to Normandy. In November 1872, the Imperial Academy of Saint Petersburg pays him 1500 rubles for his copy of Rembrandt’s painting.

1872: Harlamoff makes the acquaintance of Bonnat and pays him a visit at his private studio. Harlamoff receives a bronze medal at the Vienna Universal Exhibition. Peter F. Iseyev, Secretary of the Academy of Arts, denies Bogoliubov’s request for a professorship to be granted to Harlamoff. In December, Bogoliubov reports to the Academy of Arts Council Harlamoff’s true success under Bonnat’s guidance.

1874: Harlamoff lives at 42 rue Fontaine. He takes part in the Imperial Academy of Arts’ Spring Exhibition, but loses the title of Academy Member to the engraver Pozhalostin for a portrait. Beginning in April, he joins the drawing evenings hosted by Bogoliubov at 95 rue de Rome. Ivan S. Turgenev mentions him for the first time in one of his letters. Bogoliubov, the Parisian dealer Goupil and the Moscovite collector Dimitri P. Botkine buy Harlamoff’s paintings. He becomes friends with Turgenev and other Russian artists in Paris. Louis Viardot and Pauline Viardot-Garcia frequently invite him to dinner at 50 rue de Douai, where Turgenev occupies the top floor. In June, Harlamoff paints the portrait of Tsar Alexander II at Bad Ems. He reportedly visits Spain during the summer. He then goes to Veules-les-Roses and Étretat. In October, Turgenev notes that the painter has finished the portrait of Pauline Viardot and received 3,000 rubles, the equivalent of 10,000 francs.

1875: In January, Harlamoff completes the portrait of Elena Tretyakova in her evening gown. He starts work on a portrait of Turgenev, which he finishes in December.

During this period he accepts additional commissions (in March, perhaps in Spain). In May, his portraits of the Viardots exhibited at the Salon earn him the attention of the Parisian press. He moves into Isidore Pils’ last studio at 11 Place Pigalle. He becomes popular with British dealers. He spends the beginning of 1876 in Russia.

1876: The young soprano Félia Litvinne arrives from Saint Petersburg to take lessons with Pauline Viardot-Garcia. Turgenev buys from Bogoliubov Harlamoff’s painting ‘The Bohemian Girl’. Harlamoff joins the Imperial Academy of Arts’ Society for artistic exhibitions. In May, he exhibits his portraits of Turgenev and Alphonse Daudet at the Salon.

1877: Harlamoff and Turgenev visit the Imperial Academy of Arts in late May, early June. Turgenev commissions from him a portrait of bibliophile and collector Alexandre F. Onegin (Otto). On November 28th (December 10th in the Gregorian calendar), Harlamoff becomes one of the founding members of the Association of Russian Artists for mutual assistance overseas (President: Prince Nikolaï A. Orlov, Russian Minister in Paris; Head of the Board of Directors: Bogoliubov; Secretary: Turgenev; Commissioner: the banker Horace Guinzbourg).

1878: Harlamoff exhibits his paintings simultaneously at the Paris Salon and Universal Exhibition. He earns a second class medal for his portrait of Onegin.

1879: Peter F. Iseyev asks him to collaborate on the decoration of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow. Harlamoff is invited to exhibit at the elitist Cercle de l’Union artistique (‘Club des Mirlitons’). He travels to Spain. For the first time, he participates in the Traveling Art Exhibition in Russia as a guest exhibitor. Ivan Kramskoï stresses to him the importance of moving up from the exhibitions of the Imperial Academy of Arts Society to those of the Traveling Art Exhibition. Harlamoff paints the portrait of the great Russian publisher Andrei A. Krayevsky during his stay in Biarritz.

1880: Harlamoff becomes member of the Traveling Art Association.

1881-1882: He shows three paintings at the ‘All Russian’ exhibition in Moscow. Galerie Georges Petit planned an exhibition of Russian artists in Paris, but the exhibition does not take place.

1883: Death of Turgenev. Paul P. Demidoff, Prince of San Donato, commissions Harlamoff to paint the portrait of him and his family. He travels to Florence.

1885: Harlamoff supports Bogoliubov in founding a museum in Saratov and gives him his painting of the Italian girl and the lizard. Harlamoff participates in the 5th exhibition of the Association of Watercolourists in Saint Petersburg.

1886: Sergueï M. Tretyakov advises his brother Pavel to buy Harlamoff’s painting of a young girl laughing for his Moscow gallery.

1888: Bogoliubov suggests to Vladimir Stasov that he show Harlamoff’s portrait of Turgenev at the Traveling Art Exhibition. Harlamoff participates in the Glasgow International Exhibition, where Queen Victoria is interested in his paintings.

1889: Harlamoff joins the organisational committee for the Paris Universal Exhibition, where he exhibits 11 paintings.

1891: Harlamoff organises Bogoliubov’s 50-year jubilee of work. At the Traveling Art Exhibition in Saint Petersburg, Tsarina Maria Fedorovna buys a portrait of a young girl by Harlamoff.

1896: After the death of Bogoliubov, Harlamoff is named President of the Association of Russian Artists for mutual assistance overseas.

1900: Harlamoff is awarded the Legion of Honour. He exhibits at the Paris Universal Exhibition. After a break of eight years, he rejoins the Traveling Art Exhibition.

1902: He receives the Saint Vladimir medal (fourth class).

1903: Harlamoff spends spring and summer in Italy and Switzerland.

1909: He moves into a new studio at 57bis boulevard Rochechouart.

1911-1914: He exhibits at Gallery Lemercier in Moscow.

1922: Harlamoff’s works are exhibited in Félia Litvinne’s Parisian salon.

1925: Harlamoff dies April 10th in his studio. Félia Litvinne is his only heir.

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Private collection, Russia. read more >>

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