Mikhail-Larionov

Mikhail Larionov (1881-1964)



Biography

Born in Tiraspol on June 3, 1881, Mikhail Larionov studied painting at the school of Moscow. He was not very assiduous and preferred to work in his studio, alone. In 1900 he met Natalya Goncharova, who would become his wife. He pushed her to abandon architecture and instead to study painting. Thus began an artistic collaboration that would last for the rest of his life.
At the beginning of his career his style resembled Impressionism. In 1904, he painted, for example, Acacias au printemps. Nature was his first source of inspiration. In 1906, he exhibited works in the Russian section at the Salon d’Automne. Inspired by the works of Gauguin and Douanier Rousseau, he began to paint in a manner that drew on the themes and techniques of Russian folk art. With his wife Natalya Goncharova he founded the Jack of Diamonds movement, the works of which were inspired by Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, and German Expressionism. In 1912, the spouses separated from this movement to found another one, Donkey’s Tail, the objective of which was to promote an independent Russian school. They organised an exhibition which assembled around the couple Vladimir Tatline and Kasimir Malevitch.
In 1913, after having attended Marinetti’s conferences on Futurism, Larionov and Goncharova laid the foundations for their next movement, Rayonism. They conceived the forms as beams of light. Larionov likened the forms of Rayonist paintings to ‘mirages in the desert’. During this period he painted Rayonnisme rouge and Forêt rayonniste. The movement came to an end in 1914.
In the same year the couple left Russia for Switzerland, where they worked with Diaghilev to design theatre sets and costumes for the Ballets Russes. In 1919, they moved to Paris, continuing their collaboration with Diaghilev until 1929. They both stopped their painting careers to focus exclusively on this occupation. Mikhail Larionov died in 1964 at Fontenay-aux-Roses.

(Martine Heudron)

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Exhibitions/Bibliography

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Press review

http://inrussia.com/guardians-of-the-avant-garde
http://www.tate.org.uk/art/art-terms/r/rayonism
http://www.russianartandculture.com/interview-editor-theodora-clarke-interviews-natalia-murray-curator-of-the-courtauld-gallerys-jack-of-diamonds-exhibition/ http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/09/arts/09iht-rartmoscow09.html
https://nga.gov.au/Exhibition/BalletsRusses/default.cfm?MnuID=4&GALID=20895&viewID=3
http://www.artnews.com/2005/12/20/disputed-larionov-painting-stays-close-to-its-russian-roots/

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Art works from Mikhail Larionov

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Mikhail-Larionov/l-allee
Mikhail Larionov L'Allée, 1910 paper
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